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Volume 31Number 2 publication date:Dec. 2018
Exploring the Well-being of Elderly People Studying for a Master’s Degree
    Author:Hsiao-Feng Cheng
Research Article


The aim of this study was to understand the experience of elderly people by the PERMA model. Thirteen participants were graduate students from a university in northern Taiwan and each were invited to an in-depth interview once. Their average age was 64 years old. This study adopted a ‟Multiple-case embedded design” of case study and analytic induction. For each component of the PERMA model, the results are as follows: ‟Positive emotion (P)”: The elderly people cherished and were confident. They gradually enjoyed learning and overcame difficulties. ‟Engagement (E)”: The elderly people re-experienced the sense of time, resonated with academic work, immersed in the flow of asking, thinking and responding, and had creative conversations with peers. ‟Positive relationships (R)”: The elderly people felt they belonged from peers, became a model and got positive feedbacks in their family. ‟Meaning (M)”: The elderly people improved their self-efficacy, tried to help others, and began to re-start their new career. ‟Achievement (A)”: They made progress in using computers and became an active learner. There were three stages in the well-being state of the learning process: the early stage was joyful and confidence, the middle of stage was engagement and breakthrough, and the last stage was flourish and construction. Finally, limitations and suggestions were discussed.

Keywords: elderly people, PERMA model, positive psychology, well-being

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