This article first discusses the development and trends in the regulations and policies related to national education in remote areas of Taiwan. As regards to the development of statutory regulations, the legislative process of the ‟Act for Education Development of Schools in Remote Areas” promulgated in December of 2017 was analyzed and illustrated. Additionally, in light of the development of policy, an introduction of its history, recent moves and relevant opinions of the academic community are also elaborated. Second, on the basis of the foregoing, it is from the viewpoint of constitutional law that discusses several theoretical and legal issues before and after the implementation of the Act. Third, this article briefly scrutinizes the objective of implementing ‟Act on Improvement of Education in Remote Areas (1954)” in Japan and its related policies. It is hoped that this study may offer some insights into either education policy or education finance on how teachers from schools in the remote area of Japan are ensured to retain their position for a long time according to their willingness.
Keywords: bonus for long stay, Japan’s Education Promotion Law for Remote Areas, legislative inaction, national education, remote areas