The purpose of this study was to examine the relations among future time perspective,achievement goal, and learning behavior of Taiwanese vocational high school students. Themediating effects of the individual’s achievement goal on the relations between future timeperspective and adaptive learning behaviors were also explored. Eight hundred and thirtystudents participated in this study. Multivariate analyses and path analyses were employed.Results showed there were both gender and subject major affect future connection andhelp-seeking behaviors. Path analyses showed that future connect influenced students’help-seeking and insisting behavior both directly as well as indirectly through themediation of performance-approach goals. In Addition, future value had a positive impacton students’ help-seeking behaviors indirectly through the mediation of the three kinds ofachievement goals. Moreover, future value affects students’ help-seeking behaviors bothdirectly as well as indirectly through the three kinds of achievement goal. Implications foreducation were discussed and suggestions for future study were also proposed.
Keywords: future time perspective, achievement goal, adaptive learning behavior